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Indian Muslim

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    By IANS,

    New Delhi : The bill to prevent communal violence is not a vote-catching gimmick and will help control aberrations that occur during outbreaks, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said Friday.

    "It is not a vote-catching gimmick. I think, in the last five or six years we have been grappling with the problems of communal riots in some or the other part of the country," Manmohan Singh said during an interactive session at the HT Leadership Summit while replying to a question on the government's proposal to introduce the bill.

    The prime minister's response came a day after Bharatiya Janata Party's (BJP) prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi wrote a letter in which he described the bill "as a recipe for disaster".

    The letter, written to the prime minister, was released by the BJP Thursday.

    The government intends to introduce the revised bill in the winter session of parliament despite BJP's strong opposition.

    Several state chief ministers have voiced their strong opposition to the bill, saying it would be destructive to the federal structure of the constitution.

    The prime minister said the government wants to create an environment of greater accountability to prevent communal conflagrations.

    "Our effort has been to create an environment where officials would have the responsibility to look after the law and order situation as effectively as is humanly possible," he said.

    The prime minister said that if riots cannot be prevented, there should be adequate compensation for the victims.

    "So, I think these are two basic principles which underline the purpose of the communal violence bill. I think it is a bill whose time has come," Manmohan Singh said.

    "What happened in Muzaffarnagar and some other parts of our country is a reminder that although as a country we can take pride in our ability to protect all the people of our country, yet there are times when aberrations take place," he said.

    "This bill, if it is passed by the parliament, will help control those aberrations," he added.

    Modi had said that the bill is "ill-conceived, poorly drafted and a recipe for disaster" and had urged the prime minister to seek wider consultation with the states and various stakeholders before proceeding further on the legislation.

    Home Ministry officials said the revised bill will address apprehensions of opposition parties about the bill.


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    By Saeed Naqvi, IANS,

    State election results have taken Tarun Tejpal off prime time shows and the front pages. This is something of a relief.

    On Nov 7-8, past midnight, after extensive partying at what was billed to be a THINK fest at a five star hotel in Goa, the feisty proprietor editor of Tehelka magazine followed one of his junior reporters, a friend of his daughter's, and allegedly did things to her which under a revised law is tantamount to rape. Strangely, something similar happened the subsequent day too.

    In such stories, a routine triangle emerges. There was, for instance, Tarun's wife and family in a state of trauma. In the young lady's case there is apparently a boyfriend in the bargain. The truth of any human story will always be conditioned by these extraneous factors.

    No sooner had the story leaked than it was banner headlines, recycled mornings, afternoons, nights on prime time shows. That was not all. It remained the staple for TV discussions week after week, as if the world had come to a standstill, riveted on Tarun Tejpal.

    By a coincidence, I had just returned from Muzaffarnagar, barely two hours drive from New Delhi, where Muslim victims from recent communal violence were preparing for a bitter winter in makeshift camps. Among the refugees were scores of women, raped in front of their parents and children and who are still waiting for the wheels of justice to move at all. In Tarun's case there is that uncertainty as to what really happened. Here is rape with as many witnesses as can fill a court of law.

    Efforts to administer justice in the case of an alleged rape in the lift of a five star Goa hotel, contrasted sharply with gross inaction in Muzaffarnagar. The star struck media was taking no interest.

    These victims of rape and ethnic cleansing were confronting yet another challenge. The regional party in power in Lucknow, the Samajwadi party, were keen that these victims must somehow disappear because their continued presence in camps reflects on the government's inability to prevent the pogram.

    There was another dilemma. If the state intervened on behalf of the Muslims, the government will lose Hindu support. Should it end up doing nothing for the uprooted Muslims, the party faces the certainty of that vote bank drifting away.

    So what should "Maulana" Mulayam Singh Yadav do on the eve of key national elections? He has a brainwave. He will require the few thousand Muslims still in the camp to accept a lumpsum of Rs.5 lakhs, equivalent of $8,000, by way of compensation for having been dislocated.

    So far so good. But they will be entitled to this lumpsum only on one condition: they sign an affidavit that they will not ever return to their homes under any circumstance.

    Why is the government of Mulayam Singh going to such extraordinary lengths to prevent this timid vote bank from returning to their villages? Because he cannot guarantee them their security.

    Why such helplessness on the part of the nation's most populous state? Because the conflict in the region is between Jats and Muslims and the police force is overwhelmingly Jat.

    If that is the case why not transfer a Jat force to a non Jat area and the other way around? Hush!! Don't even whisper this. Jats will get angry.

    To sweeten the deal for the victims, Mulayam has roped in Maulana Arshad Madani, national president of Jamiat-Ulama-i-Hind. Maulana says the "victims should take the money and build a home elsewhere". But why should they abandon the property they have left behind in the villages from where they have been driven out. "That property is theirs" says the Maulana. "No one can take it away from them." So, Mulayam Singh has placed the fate of the Muzaffarnagar riot victims in the care of the Deoband seminary.

    With all of this swimming in my head upon my return from Muzaffarnagar, I had difficulty placing all the brouhaha about the Goa episode in proper perspective.

    I messaged Tarun: A media so focused on rape, should be directed to Muzaffarnagar.

    It turns out that Maulana Arshad Madani's nephew, Maulana Mahmood Madani was also at the Goa THINK fest dominating the nation's news. The clergy, it turns out, has got it covered at all ends.

    (06.12.2013 - A senior commentator on political and diplomatic affairs, Saeed Naqvi can be reached at saeed.naqvi@hotmail.com. The views expressed are personal.)


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    By IANS,

    Jammu : Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah said Friday that he hoped his father would immediately apologise for his comments on women, which the son said were most likely made in a lighter vein.

    Reacting to the barrage of criticism levelled against union Minister for New and Renewable Energy Resources Farooq Abdullah over an alleged sexist comment against women, Omar Abdullah said on his micro blogging twitter site Friday: "I am sure the attempt wasn't to trivialise important issue of women's security, so I hope dad apologises for the misplaced attempt at humour".

    Farooq Abdullah reportedly said he was afraid of even speaking to women these days for fear of going to jail.

    Responding to Omar Abduallah's remarks, many bloggers on the site said the father's remarks were indeed sexist, and the son could not brush away such comments.


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    By IANS,

    Srinagar : The death of South Africa's iconic anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela has saddened many Kashmiris, who saw him as a symbol of steadfast commitment against injustice.

    Chief Minister Omar Abdullah paid tribute to Mandela on his Twitter site saying: "RIP Madiba. I'm honoured to have met you. Thank you for one of my most prized possessions - your signed book."

    Abdullah also posted a picture of the autographed comment Mandela had written while presenting his book to the chief ministetr during their meeting. Mandela's had written: "To Omar Abdullah, an outstanding diplomat".

    On a chilly Friday morning here, people were talking about the selfless South African leader at bus stops, barber shops and bakeries. Customers at a hair cutting saloon in Jawahar Nagar area compared Mandela with their own leaders.

    "None among our leaders has either the selflessness or the moral strength to stand steadfast on commitment. Mandela was uncompromising on what he believed to be true while our leaders change their 'truth every second day'", said Nazir Ahmad (42), who had come for a haircut.

    Some said Mandela's death should prove to present day politicians that all one leaves behind after death is a good name or a bad curse depending on what you have done to the trust and faith reposed in you by the people.

    "Some leaders like Mandela live in people's hearts even after their death, while many others burn in the hellfire of hatred earned for their petty, selfish motives in politics", said Bashir Ahmad War, a retired veterinarian here.

    For commoner Kashmiris, Mandela was the prisoner of conscience who did not compromise on values despite being jailed for 23 long years.

    "He did not change his political ideology even after long years in prison, most of our politicians change ideology like worn out clothes", said Mehraj-ud-Din, a fruit seller in Srinagar.


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    By Ziaulla Nomani,

    Mumbai: Samajwadi Party corporator and group leader Rais Shaikh has tabled a notice of motion in Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) general body meeting, in which he has demanded that the civic hospitals should be equipped with advance digital autopsy system against the inhuman dissection of the dead body.

    The digital Autopsy system will determine the cause of death without cutting the dead body.



    Rais Shaikh

    “It is a better option than the contemporary post mortem as the delay in post-mortem causes bereaved relatives to thrash doctors and hospital staff”, said Rais Shaikh, Member of Standing Committee, B.M.C.

    He also maintained that the digital autopsy produces detailed records that show conclusively the cause or manner of death. These records can be kept intact and free of human intervention.

    According to the civic officials, if a patient dies in 24 hours after being admitted to hospital, the post-mortem of the dead body should be carried out to find out the cause of death.

    It is beneficial to all, but for Muslims, it will be a welcome decision as they get bereaved by the mention of the post mortem on the dead body of their near and dear ones.

    BMC is India’s richest municipal organization and its annual budget is more than that of some of the small states of India.

    “Sciences are used for the betterment of the humanity and society, this digital autopsy is been used in countries like Malaysia, London, Saudi Arabia, etc.

    “The Heads of the BMC managed hospitals are fully aware of this autopsy systems”, said Shaikh.

    “The notice of motion if approved would be sent to concerned authorities for further action,” said a civic official.

    Digital Autopsies offer a significant, humanitarian step forward in establishing the cause of unnatural death. They use sophisticated, 3D visualization software and a scanner rather than a scalpel.

    (Ziaulla Nomani is associated with Muallim – The Muslim Lifestyle Magazine and can be reached atmuallim.india@gmail.com)


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    By TCN News,

    Mangalore/ Dubai: Emirates India Fraternity Forum (EIFF), with the help of UAE Government Authorities and Indian Consulate, Dubai, managed to repatriate the body of Abdul Hameed to his hometown Mangalore recently.

    Son of K.Abbas Channakatte Montepadv, 43-year-old-Abbas hailing from Agalthabettu Naringana Bantwal, Mangalore, died of cardiac arrest on December 3rd in Rasal Khaima.

    He was working in RAK investment Authority Abela catering company LLC.

    It is said that Abbas suddenly collapsed in his company and was rushed to the hospital where he breathed his last. After the news of his death, relatives and well-wishers in India contacted EIFF for their help to repatriate the body back home.

    The deceased is survived by his wife and two children.


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    By Abdul Gani, TwoCircles.net,

    Guwahati: Confused at the war of words by political parties regarding status of religious minorities especially Muslims, a literary body of Assam has requested state chief minister Tarun Gogoi to institute a study panel to know the reality.

    Char Chapori Sahitya Parishad (CCSP) has urged CM Tarun Gogoi that a study panel in the line of the Rajinder Sachar Committee, which was commissioned in 2005 by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to prepare a report on the latest social, economic and educational condition of the Muslim community of the country.

    “We are always confused about the reality. If the BJP says of appeasement of the Muslims some others like AIUDF (All India United Democratic Front) has slammed the state government for the poor condition of the same. They even alleged of negligence towards the Muslims. So, it is important to know the real status of Muslims in the state,” said Hafiz Ahmed after sending a written request to the chief minister.

    The Sachar Committee report which was first of its kind revealed that the status of Muslims was worse than the conditions of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Ahmed also said that such a study panel might reveal similar reality especially of the Muslims who have been living in river-rine areas.

    Besides, CCSP is also demanding a major educational institute especially to cater the needs of the socially backward people in Barpeta district which has highest number of illiterate persons in river side areas.

    “We would like to request to consider for a higher educational institute especially for the socially backward people in the state. What we have felt that Barpeta is a district where there are most number of illiterate people living in the river-rine areas. We have even spotted a place for the same at a village called Tetlirtal, some 4 kilometre away from Barpeta town,” Ahmed said.

    According to a survey done in 2003, more than 80 per cent people residing in riverside or char areas are illiterate. Another major problem at the present time at these areas is that the newly appointed teachers through Teachers’ Eligibility Test (TET) at various schools do not want to stay for a long time especially for the poor communication system.

    “This is a serious issue the government need to address for a solution. The communication system must develop so that teachers can be regular at their schools. Only education can uplift the plight of society,” he added.


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    By Irfan Engineer

    Role of Police and administration in controlling communal violence has been wanting and in fact prejudicial to minorities. Communal riots in India are generally well planned. Riots that are spontaneous in nature can be controlled within 24 hours unless the police or the district administration or the government wants it otherwise. In other words, there are two necessary conditions for riots to continue beyond 24 hours – it should be well planned and the administration, including police, should want it to continue and should be otherwise complicit.


    Police in Bareilly in 2012

    Vibhuti Narain Rai, an upright IPS officer with hands on experience in controlling riots and one who has studied communal riots and role of police extensively, argues that Indian society is not torn apart with civil war and existence of armed militias as in West Asia, Europe or other parts of the world. Therefore, if the police and administration is unable to control a riot a riot within 24 hours, it only means that their actions, conduct and behaviour need proper examination. Through his research, Rai has arrived at a conclusion that police and the administration have deep-rooted communal bias that prevents them from controlling communal violence within 24 hours. Dr. Asghar Ali Engineer also observed that during his investigations, constabulary in Mumbai were reading Samnaa, a daily news paper published by a communal party Shiv Sena. The constabulary which was deployed to control the communal riots in 1984 in Bhiwandi proudly proclaimed that they were Shiv Sainiks in uniform. In his investigation of Jabalpur riots in 1961, Engineer gives account of armed constabulary molesting Muslim women inside their homes and several accounts of police biases in his aforesaid article, though cautioning that there are unbiased and impartial police officers as well.

    First stage: planning riots, exploiting issues to escalate tensions and early warnings of riots

    Police are complicit at three stages. The first stage is that of early warnings when the riots are being planned. During this stage, religion wise data and their spatial distribution is being compiled. In Gujarat for example, the rioters attacked even those establishments and businesses having Hindu names, Hindu employees and Hindu partners. Even these establishments were not spared where, either one of the sleeping partners or the financers of the establishment was a Muslim. The data of Hindu establishments having Muslim partners was probably collected from sales tax authorities and registrars of partnership firms. Then Hindu and Muslim homes are marked for precise identification of the targets by the rioters. In Surat and Ahmedabad, Hindus were told to write “Jai Shri Ram on their houses”. During my investigation of Surat riots in 1992-1993, many of my informants told me that some individuals pretending to be from census authorities had come to check their ration cards and the data in the ration cards were noted by them.

    Next, equipments to be used during riots are collected, like fuel oils and gas cylinders, to burn houses and weapons for stabbing. As an early warning, it is easy to observe escalating confrontation over practical non-issue/s between the two communities and mobilization of the communities through provocative speeches that promote enmity between two communities. If there were no riots in Bhiwandi and Aligarh, otherwise communal hotbeds, after demolition of Babri Masjid, it was because of effective and impartial preventive measures in the two towns. Every major riot has its early warnings spread over weeks and sometimes over months. L.K. Advani’s Rath Yatra before the demolition of the Babri Masjid is an example.

    Kandhamal riots had their early warnings from 24thDecember 2008 when the arches erected by the Christians to celebrate Christmas was demolished by Sangh Parivar members and anti-Christian mobilization through provocative speeches were given, is another example. Police or the administration can pro-actively intervene during this stage, arresting those making provocative speeches or collecting equipments for riot or planning the riot, bringing together notables and ordinary members of both the communities together and facilitating interaction between them, undertaking confidence building and working out mechanism to counter rumours. If the administration is determined, outbreak of violence can be prevented at this stage. An early warning of a riot is fairly evident to any ordinary person of ordinary intelligence, let alone police, whose job is to gather intelligence. At this stage, the police are required to collect intelligence, take preventive actions like detention of anti-social and communal elements or execution of bonds, and instil fear in the minds of mischief mongers through show of force or diffusing tension through reconciliatory measures.

    Often policemen’s attitudes towards abusive and objectionable slogans shouted during religious processions intended to be communally provocative and humiliate minorities is that of tolerance and inaction. They are not even perceived as objectionable or provocative and humiliating and they do not arrest or pull out such element from the procession nor take any action after the procession. In such cases the police report is that the procession was peaceful. During Bhiwandi riots in 1970, the unruly sections in the procession were obviously encouraged by the attitude of the police into believing that they had a licence to indulge in their misbehaviour and, therefore continued doing so with greater impunity (Madon, 1974, pp. 24, Vol. VI, Part VI). The Mohalla Committees are packed with the Hindu communal leaders as they are not perceived as communal. Provocative speeches routinely made by communal elements are not acted upon.

    The second stage is when the communal violence has erupted. At this stage the police must use adequate coercive force like baton charge, teargas, or gunfire to disperse the rioters, enforce curfew or other prohibitive measures like prohibition against carrying of arms; protect victims of violence, comb areas where arms and ammunitions may have been stored and arrest the rioters. The third stage is that of investigation of riot related offences and bringing the culprits to the book.

    The police and administrative impartiality is lacking at all the three stages. On account of their prejudices against minorities and at times due to instructions of political leaders in power, the administration fails to recognize early warnings of impending riot or ignores the early warnings and do not take any preventive measures (Sengupta, Kumar, & Gandeviya, 2003). Minorities are perceived by most police personnel as those who are likely to trigger off a riot and therefore preventive measures, if at all, target the minorities. At the height of Ram Janmabhoomi agitation led by right wing communal Hindutva zealots, it was very difficult to find the names of Hindu inciters in the list of communal elements maintained by the Ram Janambhoomi police station in Ayodhya writes V N Rai in his research paper. Police believe that to be communal is only prerogative of Muslims. Though demolition of Babri Masjid was a well planned conspiracy, none of the intelligence agencies reported the conspiracy before 6th December 1992, and the Liberhan Commission findings make this amply clear.

    Second stage: maintaining law and order after outbreak of riots

    In the second stage, often the police are helpless onlookers when the minorities are being targeted as in Surat Riots in December 1992 and January 1993. The police at times actively assist the rioters by misdirecting the gullible escaping members of minorities towards the rioters. When army handed the charge of about a hundred members of minorities to Bihar Military Police in Chanderi Village near Bhagalpur, The BMP on assurance of safe passage to the protected persons, allowed the rioters to butcher them. Police was in collaboration with the rioters, notes Dr. Asghar Ali Engineer in his article on “Communal Riots and the Role of the Police: Some Case Studies”, 1997. During the 1969 riots in Gujarat, a number of religious places belonging to the Muslim community and located near the police stations were deliberately allowed to be damaged, concludes the Jaganmohan Reddy Inquiry Commission its report. It also concludes that the policemen have been affected by the same communal virus as they are a part of the society.

    Though minorities suffer much more (on an average, about 80 percent victims of riot are from minority community), they are the targets of police firing and arrests during riots and are victims of arrests made by police during riots. This fact has been brought out by Justice Srikrishna Commission, 1998, V N Rai’s research, and my own investigations of Surat Riots, besides other fact finding reports. In most of riots where the number of Muslims killed was many times more than Hindus, it was they who were mainly arrested, curfew imposed strictly in their localities and their houses were subjected to brutal searches and combing operations. In the riots in Surat, even when huge mobs were on streets, curfew was not enforced by the police. Many lives could have been saved had the curfew been enforced. The lone individuals who were travelling to search for their near and dear ones in hospitals were being penalized for violations of curfew. V N Rai gives examples of such operations in Ahmedabad in 1969, Bhiwandi (1970) and Bhagalpur (1989).

    Muslim localities are cordoned off during riots with the help of the army or para military forces and then all the houses are searched indiscriminately debauching the pride of the entire community. While curfew is strictly enforced in Muslim localities, in Hindu areas, curfew is virtually confined to main roads while normal life continues in the lanes and by lanes. While none of the Hindus were killed in police firing in Bhiwandi (1970), Ferozabad (1972), Aligarh (1978) and Meerut (1982), 9, 6, 7 and 6 Muslims were killed in police firing in these towns. During communal riots in the first phase in Bombay in December 1992, most of the Muslims were killed in police firing. Out of 250 deaths during this phase, 192 died in police firing and out of those, more than 90 percent had sustained injuries above abdomen proving that police fired to kill and not to disperse a rioting mob. Police dragged men out of their houses in Govandi during riots in Bombay in 1992 December and January 1993 and shot them dead. The inspector responsible for shooting was merely transferred. Govandi saw the worst atrocities of the December riots in Bombay during the combing operations from December 7 to 10. There were no communal tensions in Govandi, yet police had visited lane after lane, broke into houses, looted them, arrested innocent Muslims, beat them and in some cases shot them dead. Hindus of the area were deeply agitated at the police atrocities on their Muslim neighbours, with whom they had been living for years in peace (Fact Finding Report of the Committee for the Protection of Democtratic Rights & Lokshahi Hakk Sanghatana, 1993).

    During the Gujarat carnage in 2002, despite the fact that the minority community was being attacked by massive, well-armed mobs, Muslims seem to have been the target of police firing. Of the forty persons killed in police firing at Morarji Chowk and Charodia Chowk in Ahmedabad on 28 February, all were Muslims and according to figures provided by Gujarat police and reported by Vinay Menon of Hindustan Times on 3rd May 2002, of the 184 persons who died in police firing since the violence began, 104 were Muslims. The Police in Gujarat was actually helping the rioters attain their objective far effectively with their equipments. This happens because, like an average Hindu, the policemen also have biases against the minorities and Muslims to be of cruel and violent nature. They further believe that riots can only be controlled by teaching a lesson to Muslims who started the riots in the first place. Whenever government instructs to deal with the rioters firmly, the message is understood and interpreted to mean dealing firmly with Muslims. This prejudice leads the police to gather facts selectively to prove what they believe. V N Rai recalls his discussions with the policemen in Bhagalpur and Bombay who continued to believe that Hindus were naturally non-violent and pious in spite of pointing out that the damage caused to Muslim was far more than that caused to the Hindus.

    Dr. Asghar Ali Engineer in his investigation of Bhiwandi riots in 1984 found that the State Reserve Police on duty without any exception were taking shelter in Shiv Sena Shakhas. They were naturally not expected to take shelter or seek shade near Muslim homes as they would feel insecure on account of their belief that Muslims were cruel. Sitting outside Shiv Sena Shakhas, they were bound to be influenced by their perceptions and views and see Muslims as the culprits. During the riots in Bhiwandi and Jalgaon in 1970, one Muslim lady alleged that her son was shot dead inside her house by a sub-Inspector of Jalgaon police station (quoted by Dr. Asghar Ali Engineer in his book “Communal Riots and the Role of the Police: Some Case Studies”, p. 249).

    Farooq Mapkar from Mumbai has registered a case with the police that during riots in Mumbai, in the month of January 1993, police entered Hari Masjid in Wadala and opened unprovoked and indiscriminate firing on unarmed people. Seven persons were killed and many others injured. Farooq, a bank employee was one of the 54 persons who were picked up and falsely charged with rioting and attempt to murder. Mapkar was honourably acquitted from the charge after a sixteen years’ fight. Mapkar was rather a victim of the unprovoked firing and was injured on his shoulder. Mapkar is now fighting for justice to get a CBI inquiry against the person who fired on him – PSI Nikhil Kapse.

    Jt. Commissioner of Mumbai Police Mr. R.D. Tyagi led a team of policemen inside Suleiman Bakery and killed nine innocent persons inside the bakery without any provocation during Mumbai riots in December 1992-January 1993. During riots in Meerut (in the year 1987), Provisional Armed Constabulary picked up more than two dozen Muslim youth from a locality called Hashimpura on 22nd May and killed them in two places in Ghaziabad, after transporting them in one of their trucks. Rai was SP of Ghaziabad at the relevant time and got two offences registered against the PAC personnel. They killed the Muslim youth only in the belief that unless the Muslims are taught lesson, the riots will not stop, that Meerut had become mini-Pakistan because of Muslim stubbornness. The relations between Muslims and police becomes antagonistic with incidents like Hashimpura, combing operations, excessive and unwarranted use of force discrimination in implementation of curfew and such behaviour leads to these growing distrust and inimical relations between Muslims and police force which in turn leads to some Muslim youth at times attacking the police as, for example, after Babri Masjid demolition in Mumbai.

    In Gujarat 2002 carnage, the police did not respond to the telephone calls from the minority community members and did not allow members of minority community to take shelter in police stations and allowed those involved in looting and arson to carry on unhindered. Gujarat police misguided the victims who managed to escape the rioters about the escape routes and directing them towards the perpetrators of violence making them easy preys. In certain areas, police supplied fuel from their official vehicles to the arsonists to burn the homes of the minorities after they were looted. It was reported to the TISS team that in Baroda a truck load of people armed with swords and trishuls could pass by a police patrol van with police advising them to complete their tasks within an hour and they would reach they spot only after that. Muslim women taking shelter in one of the houses were molested by a police sub-inspector and his men. The Gujarat police did not protect even a High Court Judge with Muslim name, an IPS officer and Colonel in the Army with Muslim name. The officers who took effective measures to prevent or control riots were transferred to administrative posts. Muslims members of the police force were forced to take leave or engaged in office maintenance work In fact, politicians were allowed to sit in the control room and direct all operations.

    In Chamanpura and Naroda, police were mere bystanders watching the mob attack Muslims. Though the Muslims were victims and Hindu communal organizations like VHP and Bajrang Dal were aggressors, in the 2002 Gujarat carnage, the combing operation were almost exclusively carried out in Muslim areas. Police acted with great brutality, beating and seriously injuring Muslims causing them multiple fractures and destroying their property. They were arbitrarily arrested and falsely implicated under S. 307 of IPC (attempt to murder). Most of the brunt during “combing operation”, including sexual indecencies and sexualized abuses and merciless beatings was taken on by Muslim women, as men would go into hiding to avoid arrests. Pregnant women were specially targeted for brutal beatings and told let the foetus die before it is born. Out of 1,300 incidents of violence or attempted violence in the city of Vadodra till mid-May, PUCL-Vadodra and Shanti Abhiyan had information that in 814 incidents, police remained absent, in another 397 incidents, police was informed but inactive, in 60 incidents, there was no response from police, in 25 incidents, police was present and actively involved and only in 27 incidents, police prevented them.

    Rai finds investigating agencies full of communal bias. UP C.I.D. took eight years to complete investigation of a case of unparalleled savagery in Hashimpura during Meerut riots in 1987 wherein PAC had shot more than two dozen Muslim youth after loading them onto their truck. In the third stage, either the FIRs are not recorded or require much persuasion and efforts on the part of the victims, particularly from the minority community to get their FIRs registered, and if registered, the police in most cases deliberately omit to note down the names of the offenders identified by the victims or distort the FIRs intentionally in other material particulars. During Bhagalpur riots that started on 24th October 1989, 116 Muslims were killed in Logain village on 27th October 1989, their bodies buried in agricultural fields and cauliflower was cultivated. The 65 survivors of the incident ran from pillar to post to get an FIR registered and though the incident was reported in local and national dailies, the police kept denying the incident till 8th of December 1989 when the fields were dug and the bodies were found by DIG Mr. Ajit Dutta. The cases filed later led to convictions of some of the accused. Justice D. P. Madon Commission appointed to report on the Bhiwandi-Jalgaon Riots in 1970 found many instances of police not reporting incidents in which Hindus were involved due to their bias and completely inventing conspiracy of Muslims in Bhiwandi riots.

    No serious efforts are made to investigate the offences and files are closed under A summary or B summary proceedings (i.e. incident found true but cannot be investigated any further or incident reported false) and a very few that do reach the stage of trial rarely result in acquitals due to the disinterest in proper prosecution of the cases on account of communal bias. Reporting of facts and gathering of intelligence to be sent to the government and senior police formations are coloured by the bias and prejudice and the terms Muslims and communal in the eyes of policemen become synonymous. L.B.S. National Academy of Administration, Mussourie analyzed 189 FIRs filed in the month of September during communal violence in Meerut in 1982. 18 of these FIRs pertained to offence of Murder u/s 302 and/or attempt to murder u/s 307 and were broadly divided into two – one group in which Muslims were aggressive and other group in which Hindus were aggressive. In the FIRs which were against Muslims aggression, two Hindus had been killed. In that FIR, 232 Muslims and 23 Hindus had been arrested. While in the case of FIRs that were against Hindu aggression, seven Muslims had been killed but no arrests whatsoever had been made. The Muslim prisoners arrested are often beaten up with the connivance of the police or jail. Six Muslims arrested after the 1987 Meerut riots were killed in Fatehgarh Jail when officials of jail and other prisoners attacked them. While the Muslims accused of terrorist attacks are being produced in courts, they are often attacked inside the court premises.

    During the 2002 carnage in Gujarat, some police officers were actively assisting the rioters by giving them oil from their vehicle to set fire to Muslims properties and firing on Muslims to assist the rioters to do the rest of the job of looting and burning their properties. The police were “overactive” in allowing perpetrators to act freely, thus acting as agents of negative control. In one of the affected villages during Gujarat carnage in 2002, the rioters desecrated a madrasa and placed an idol of Hanuman. According to the villagers, some police officers who came after the incident were happy that Lord Hanuman established himself there. Justice Srikrishna Commission reports interception of a wireless message between the policeman manning the control room and policeman from the field. The policeman from the field required that a fire brigade be sent to douse the fire. Instead of taking prompt action, the control room inquired whether the property set afire belonged to a Muslim or a Hindu. The failure of police and criminal justice system in bringing the offenders and rioters, particularly those who plan, conspire, abet and execute riots, to book, has allowed what Paul Brass calls as Institutionalized System of Riot production to grow in numbers and in their expertise and capabilities to inflict much higher casualties in shorter duration. We all saw in Gujarat in 2002 the lethal capability of this Institutional System of Riot production and what they could deliver in 72 hours they had before the State Government would have to deploy army. Likewise we were also witness to the destructive and lethal capability of the IRS in Kandhamal in 2008 and 2009.

    The main findings of study of Vibhuti Narain Rai on neutrality of Police was as follows:
    (a) “Police behave partially during most riots. In all the riots discussed in this study they did not act as a neutral law enforcement agency but more as a “Hindu” force.
    (b) Perceptible discrimination was visible in the use of force[,] preventive arrests[,] enforcement of curfew, treatment of detained persons at police stations, reporting of facts and investigation, detection and prosecution of cases registered during riots. Muslims suffered in all the above mentioned areas.
    (c) The perception by Hindus and Muslims of the police during communal strife is diametrically opposed. Hindus view policemen as their friends and protectors during communal riots. Muslims, by and large consider policemen their enemies in similar situations.
    (d) An average policeman does not shed his prejudices and predetermined beliefs at the time of his entry into the force, and this is reflected in his bias against Muslims during communal violence.
    (e) The expectations of the Indian society from an average policeman is communal. The policeman is believed to be a protector of the interests of his community.
    (f) The inimical relationship between the police and the Muslims make them over react in a confrontation like situation”.

    There is complete polarization of perception about the police in India along communal lines. While 97% of riot victims from Muslim community saw police as their enemies according to Rai’s survey and 73.5% of minority victims said they would not approach the police for help during communal riots, only 6.5% of riot victims from majority community saw police as enemies and 93% of riot victims from majority community said they would approach police for help during riots.

    It may be interesting to note that though paramilitary and military forces also more or less share same religious composition as that of police, their record in maintaining neutrality and impartiality during riots is far better than the police. Rai’s survey shows that 51% and 37% of members of minorities reported during the survey that they would prefer CRPF and Army respectively and only 6% and 18 percent reported their preference for PAC and Civil Police. While the members from majority community during the survey largely preferred the PAC (51.5%) and Civil Police (35%) and only 10% and 8.5 % preferred CRPF and Army respectively. My own investigation of riots has shown that Army and CRPF have made best efforts to control the riots impartially and rarely acted on the basis of the religion of the victims or the perpetrators of riots. Bias and prejudice among the policemen is not located in their religious affiliation alone. Religious affiliation may be necessary but not sufficient condition for them to allow their prejudices free play in guiding their policing action. The remoter the location from which the force has been mobilized, the lesser their familiarity with the issues that were used for religio-communal mobilization and lesser their exposure to the media coverage of the issue. Police force mobilized from outside the state do not share the sense of injustice and strain created around the issue in dispute that triggered off the riots, as the media they are exposed to may not have covered with the same bias. Individual policemen from out of state police force may also not enjoy the same degree of assurance and confidence in their immunity from prosecution if they do not act impartially as the local police force do.

    The fear of being made accountable weighs very much even on the policeman nurturing worst bias. The intensity of identification with the rioters from the majority community on the streets is much less due to all these factors. The central forces, para military and the army are also less amenable to the influence of the local politicians and district administration as they do not control their postings and promotions. The sooner they effectively control the riots, the earlier they return to their home state. The collective strain experienced by the members of the central forces, paramilitary forces and army posted during the riots on the one hand and the sense of comradeship or spirit-de-corps which develops between them on account of their living, dining, playing together and sharing the same duties comes into play and the “we” and “they” relationship develops between the force and the rioters, to whichever community they may belong. Finally, a sense of satisfaction of duty well performed when they are able to rescue the victims and experience their gratitude. The sense of righteousness and impartiality is not absent in the local police force. We find many policemen even from the local police forces who save lives, act impartially but are fewer and marginalized within their respective forces. R.B. Sreekumar, of Gujarat police risked his interests and career to stand up for righteousness during the 2002 carnage. Long term engagement of central police forces, paramilitary forces or even the Army in a particular area leads these forces to imbibe and act according to their prejudices against the minorities and their interventions stop being strictly professional. The deployment of Army in Kashmir and North East is a case in point.

    Conclusion
    Communal bias of police is reflected in everyday policing. It leads to communal profiling of minorities, particularly the Muslims. There is ample evidence of communal profiling in the above article and also in everyday policing, whether it be staged encounters or arrest of large numbers of innocent young male Muslims after every bomb blast and indeed higher number of Muslim under trials (28% in Maharashtra though they constitute 10% of the state’s population) and lower rate of conviction by courts (17% as against 22% rate of conviction for others). The bias has to be dealt with through induction training as well as mid career trainings. Recruiting appropriate number of members of minorities in the force is another mechanism through which the force can partly over come anti-minority biases.

    However, even more important is instituting legal mechanisms to make the force strictly accountable for their commissions and omissions whenever they are in violation of law. If law provides legal remedies to victims of arbitrary actions of members of police force that violate their human rights and the procedures are victim friendly, quick and effective that will go a long way in ensuring policing that relies less on arbitrary discretions of police personnel and more on standard operation procedures that are fair and free from bias. Command Chain responsibility of higher officers will also ensure better and more accountable supervision of the force.

    The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) is a non-departmental public body in England and Wales responsible for overseeing the system for handling complaints made against police forces in England and Wales. India too could learn from that. Members of the Commission are prominent citizens with powers to investigate complaints against any officer who may have violated human rights or acted arbitrarily.

    Communal and Targeted Violence Bill is another proposed legislation that can partly address the problem by making the police accountable for their omissions and commissions. The draft of legislation provides a remedy to make police officers accountable as victims can file complaints against police officers. The proposed draft legislation also operates on the doctrine of command chain responsibility holding superior officials responsible and liable for illegal acts and omissions of those working under their command and control.

    -----
    Irfan Engineer is associated with Centre for Study of Society and Secularism, Mumbai.


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    By IANS,

    New Delhi : The Uttar Pradesh government was Friday told to reopen relief camps meant for Muzaffarnagar communal violence victims and reconsider giving Rs.5 lakh to those not wishing to return.

    According to a fact-finding report by the Centre for Policy Analysis, a private think tank, the relief camps opened since the riots broke out three months ago should remain functional with all basic facilities. The state government recently closed them.

    "The relief camps have been disbanded," said Seema Mustafa and Harsh Mander, part of the fact-finding team which visited the riot-hit area.

    The report also urged the state government to reconsider its policy of giving one-time compensation of Rs.5 lakh to those who undertake not to return to their villages.

    "This will not help restore normalcy as it would create permanent divide in the society and lead to ghettos," said Mustafa.

    The activists demanded strong action against those responsible for the violence and who spread hatred.

    "The state government is not doing enough to restore confidence among the displaced people," said Mander.

    "The law enforcement agencies should take strong action where victims are being intimidated and told not to return home," said Sukumar Muralidharan, another team member.

    According to the team, the state government should issue a clear report on the falsehoods that led to the first violence, including unfound harassment of women and the so-called "love-jihad".

    This, said the activists, was necessary to stop concocted stories that continue to be churned out and will be frequent recourse of communal political formations as elections near.

    They also said a special drive to ensure all children affected by violence return to school is taken up.

    Further, the magistrates and police chiefs of the district should visit all violence-affected areas to restore confidence among the minority community, the team said.


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    By IANS,

    New Delhi : The BJP's prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi has written to some chief ministers calling upon them to oppose the communal violence prevtnion bill.

    Modi, who is the Gujarat chief minister, in his letter said that the bill was "a blatant attempt by the centre to intrude on the powers" of elected state governments.

    According to a post on Modi's website, he has written how the bill will "demoralise public servants" and impact the way state government can deal with law and order situations in the future.

    The chief ministers Modi has written to include Shivraj Singh Chouhan of Madhya Pradesh (BJP), Prithviraj Chavan of Maharashtra, Okram Ibobi Singh of Manipur, and Mukul Sangma of Meghalaya (all Congress).

    The united Progressive Alliance government wants to bring the revised communal violence prevention bill in the winter session of parliament that began Dec 5. Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party is opposed to the bill.

    Modi earlier wrote to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh expressing his strong opposition to the bill.


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    By TwoCircles.net Staff Reporter,

    Hyderabad: Mild tension occurred in old city of Hyderabad on 22nd anniversary of Babri Masjid demolition after group of protestors restored to stone pelting after Friday prayers at Mecca Masjid.

    Huge Rapid Action Force arrangements were made in the city after Bandh call was given by United Muslim Action Front (umbrella organization of Muslim religious and political groups) to mark black day.

    Tension started near Mecca Masjid at Charminar when some youth after Friday prayers started slogan shouting. When peace committee activists who were acting as vigilantes outside the mosque tried to stop those youth brawl erupted and stone pelting from different narrow bylanes started.

    But soon situation was brought under control with additional police force been deployed in the area. Seven people including a police constable are injured in the clashes.

    Whole incident got an interesting twist when a Rajasthani man named Vijay Kumar was caught and beaten up by the locals. Vijay Kumar who was sporting a black shirt and wearing a silver chain with name ‘Allah’, was actively participating in the stone pelting and often instigated other youngsters to do the same, locals alleged.

    Local MIM councillor Mohammed Ghouse who was present at the spot handed over Vijay Kumar to on duty police inspector, but before that Vijay Kumar was badly beaten up by the irate mob.

    MIM general secretary Ahmed Pasha Quadri along with Mohammed Ghouse filed a written complaint at Moghalpura police station, terming stone pelting incident a conspiracy to deviate peaceful environment of Hyderabad.

    Ahmed Pasha demanded thorough inquiry on Vijay Kumar and his ideological leanings, MIM in their complaint stated that Mecca Masjid since long has been target of Hindutva forces.

    Apart from Charminar other parts of the city remained peaceful, some arrests were also made when Muslim organizations were trying to stage on road protests, sec 144 imposed by the police few days back continues to be in force.


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    By TCN News,

    Mumbai: Association of Muslim Professionals conducted a workshop for principals and teachers on "Effective use of Technology & Networking" in Mumbai.

    The workshop was attended by principals/teachers of more than 150 Schools and Colleges of Mumbai.



    Colonel (Retd) N P Singh and Mr. Syed Alauddin attended as a Special Speakers and shared their experiences with the audience.



    Mr. Amin Patel (MLA and Chairman, MAMFDC) attended as Guest of Honor. Mr. Aamir Idrisi (President, Association of Muslim Professionals) gave the introductory remarks and shared the details of Career Fest 2013 with Teachers and Principals. The program was




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    By IANS,

    Lucknow : Samajwadi Party's candidate from Sultanpur for the Lok Sabha Polls, Ateeq Ahmad, was the first person to be booked under the 'Gangster Act' in Uttar Pradesh and has several cases of dacoity, murder, extortion and fraud against him, police records showed.

    Ahmad was expelled from the party five years back. He had unsuccessfully contested the Lok Sabha polls in 2009 on Apna Dal ticket from Pratapgarh in the state.

    His selection replaces Shakeel Ahmad, who was previously announced as the party's candidate.

    The re-entry of Ateeq Ahmad is being seen in political circles "as the end of the honest and clean politics credo" propagated by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav in the run up to the 2012 state assembly polls when the party denied ticket to mafia don turned politician D.P. Yadav.

    "It is more evident now that the SP has realized that it will fare badly in the 2014 polls and wants to piggy back on criminals to shore up its sagging fortunes," Vijay Bahadur Pathak, state spokesman of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) said.

    The Samajwadi Party also denied that Ateeq Ahmad was a criminal.

    Party spokesman and Prison Minister Rajendra Chowdhary said that so far no charge had been proved against Ahmad.

    "No charge has been proved in the court of law against Ateeq (Ahmad). His entry will strengthen the party," he said. Police records, however, show Ahmad in different light.

    The Gangster Act was slapped on him in 1986, but the first case against him was filed by police when he was barely 19.

    There are now 117 cases against him. Among other charges, the SP candidate from Sultanpur faces serious charges like murder, attempt to kill, land grabbing, extortion and rioting.

    Police officials say his 'gang' has more than 140 members.

    Politically, however, his re-entry into the SP fold is being seen through the prism of minority vote bank and party's desperate attempt to hold on to the fast loosing grip on Muslims.

    "The party hopes to gain from Ateeq Ahmad both in terms of muscle power and Muslim votes," a senior SP leader said.


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    By Saiyed Danish, TwoCircles.net,

    New Delhi: Jantar Mantar witnessed a spate of protests remembering the 22nd anniversary of the demolition of Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992. Various secular and democratic organizations as well as Left organizations came together to demand punishment for the culprits responsible for the demolition of Babri mosque and engineering one of the worst riots which shook the country.

    Sikhs who stood by the joint protest were led by Mr. Attam Singh Bakshi who is an educationist by profession. “We have to fight against the mentality behind communalism. That is the root cause. If mentality won’t change there is no use of giving votes to any party,” he said.



    “Babri demolition was the demolition of a heritage. It was the demolition of Indian-ness. The corporate sector is becoming strong which is giving rise to extreme poverty. Farmers are committing suicide, natural resources are being looted, and villagers are being displaced. So they have to do something to divert people’s attention from it so riots have to be engineered,” said Pratap Sambhal, state secretary SUCI.

    Jamaat e Islami was represented by a group of youths led by Inamur Rehman. “Babri masjid issue should not be taken as a solely Muslim issue. It the issue of humanity. Babri masjid put a question mark on secularism. Our so called secular parties did nothing to stop or prevent form the fire of communalism from spreading.”



    He also expressed his views on the court decision which divided the premises of the disputed site into three parts. “No side wanted such a decision. We were not fighting for a mere pie of the cake or something like that. We believe that justice has not been done yet and the issue is in Supreme Court and we will keep fighting.”

    Another organization was All India Democratic Youth Organization (AIDSO) which was represented by Asif. “We are fighting communal forces here for two decades now and on my organization fights against education imparted on communal lines. The way religious books hav been introduced in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh is something to worry about as it is an attempt to distort our composite culture of education,” he said.



    Sandhya, who represented All India Women Cultural Organization, also put forward her views, “Women are the biggest casualties of riots which are designed by communal forces. We have been rallying against the saffron brigade and its crimes on women all over India. We met Muzaffarnagar women riot victims and have been demanding justice for them since and in the light of which will conduct conventions all over India by the end of this month,” she said.

    Raghavan, chairman of Lok Raj Sangthan also expressed his solidarity with the cause of democracy and secularism. “We cannot find a solution by calling Rahul Gandhi secular and Modi communal. It was Rajiv Gandhi who opened the locks of Babri mosque. How can we forget that? We should see this fight as people versus state as the state as a whole has foiled our dreams,” he said.

    Communist Party of India (Marxist Leninist) New Democracy also protested the events of a day when secularism had hung its head in shame. “The problem is that the ruling class is always hand in gloves with the communal forces. Common people do not understand the greater plans of the fascists. They can’t understand the relation between Amit Shah’s appointment as BJP’s U.P. chief and Muzaffarnagar riots. We are teaching the children beforehand that when they go to college they should know how to differentiate between the progressive and the devastative forces,” said Mrigank, a party leader.



    People’s Alliance for Democracy and Secularism also organized a huge protest which was participated by All India Mazdoor Kisan Sangharsh Samiti, RYA, AISA, ANHAD, AIPWA, Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan, All India Secular Forum, SDPI, PUCL et al.

    The protest site also witnessed the presence of a right wing organization Rashtravadi Shivsena which asked the people to take a pledge to build Ram Temple at the site and gave slogans such as "Jo Hindu hit ki baat karega woh Hindustan pe Raj karega." There were, however, no reports of clashes between parties holding opposite views.


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    By Zaidul Haque, TwoCircles.net,

    Kolkata: “I have always expressed my displeasure against those who demolished the Babri mosque and will continue to do so,” said West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee in a convention organized by the youth wing of Trinamul Congress `Yuba’ on December 6 to observe the day as Sanhati Divas (Integrity Day) in Kolkata.

    Evoking Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Vivekananda, Iqbal, she said that we must learn to live in harmony.



    Praksah Karat in `Anti Communal' convention on December 6.

    Adding that she respects all religions, she demanded that those involved in riots must be punished.

    Imam of Nakhoda Mosque Maulana Muhammad Shafik, who was also present at the convention, demanded that the Babri mosque must be rebuild.

    Shahi Imam of Tipu Sultan Mosque Maulana Nurur Rahman Barkati, MP Nadimul Haque, Mukul Roy, State Urban Development Minister Firhad Hakim, `Yuba’ president Abhishek Banerjee, besides Sikh and Jain leaders also spoke on the occasion.

    Few kilometers away at Esplanade Left Front had also organized an ‘Anti Communal Convention’ on the occasion. General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) Prakash Karat warned that those who were behind the demolition are not again trying to grab power at the center. He said that under Gujarat CM Narendra Modi, Muslims were massacred in 2002 and now RSS, BJP and entire Sangh machinery are promoting him as the prime ministerial candidate.



    Mamata Banerjee speaking at Sanhati Divas' on December 6 in Kolkata.

    He urged the people that all section of the country should be united to fight for secularism and national integrity.

    Veteran CPI leader A B Bardhan, state chief of CPIM Biman Basu, General secretary of Forward Block Debabrata Biswas, Ex CM of WB Buddhadev Bhattacharya, Suryakanta Mishra also spoke on the occasion.

    [Photos: Sandip Saha]


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    By TCN News,

    Murshidabad: The President of India, Mr. Pranab Mukharjee, while inaugurating the B.Ed. Course at the Aligarh Muslim University Murshidabad Centre, West Bengal, said that access to higher education, especially in remote areas, is the need of hour. Accessibility and affordability is necessary for inclusion and to make higher education affordable for meritorious students belonging to socially and economically different backgrounds is a big challenge. He said that measures like scholarships, student loans and self-help schemes are necessary to improve the educational scenario in these areas.

    Mr. Mukherjee appreciated the efforts of the Aligarh Muslim University to set up its Centres with the purpose of bringing the deprived and educationally backward regions of the country into the nation mainstream.



    AMU Vice Chancellor welcoming the President of India Shri Mukherjee at AMU Murshidabad Centre.

    President Mr. Pranab Mukharjee announced that due to sad demise of Nelson Mandela, all official programmes have been cancelled but he visited the Murshidabad Centre to interact with students and faculty members. He further announced that he will visit Murshidabad again to inaugurate the newly established campus.

    President Mr. Mukharjee paid a rich tribute to Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, founder of the Aligarh Muslim University and said, “Sir Syed was a great advocate of secularism. He always worked towards bringing all communities together to achieve the greater objectives of the national development.”

    Mr. Mukarjee pointed out that the bond between Bengal and AMU began over a century back. Sir Syed made visits several times to Calcutta and interacted with the great social reformer, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, whom he considered a source of inspiration. As a citadel of secularism, Sir Syed kept the doors of MAO College open to every community. Noted Sanskrit Scholar, Babu Asutosh Bhattacharya was appointed as a Sanskrit teacher and Prof. Jadu Chandra Chakaraborty for Mathematics in 1888.

    He said that AMU has been working towards building a nation that stands for tolerance, mutual cooperation, communal affinity and secularism. This institution, through its long standing secular credentials, has been a strong promoter of togetherness.

    Mr. Mukharjee hoped that AMU Murshidabad Centre would provide an easy access to modern education to the educationally deprived section of this region.

    Welcoming the President of India, AMU Vice Chancellor, Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Zameer Uddin Shah said that in the past few years, Aligarh Muslim University has witnessed an era of transition of great significance and a new wave of expansion and capacity building has been implemented.

    Gen. Shah pointed out that AMU Murshidabad Centre is a unique example of partnership between the Government of India, Government of West Bengal and AMU in service of the community and the nation.

    AMU Vice Chancellor said that AMU has a long, glorious association with West Bengal and particularly Murshidabad, whose ruler Nawab Shamsun Jahan Begum was closely associated with MAO College, Aligarh and establishment of the Murshidabad Centre is a great tribute to Nawab of Murshidabad.



    President of India Shri Pranab Mukherjee at a programme at AMU Murshidabad Centre, Shri Mukherjee addressed the students and teachers of the Centre.

    Gen. Shah said that presently AMU Murshidabad Centre is now offering three courses, two years’ full time MBA, five years’ integrated BALLB and B.Ed. which has been recently started. He said that the University is planning to start one professional course every year. He said that the present centre will soon be shifted to its new campus. He hoped that the Murshidabad Centre will become a full-fledged University by 2020.

    AMU Vice Chancellor requested the West Bengal government to provide exclusive health facility for this Centre and water purification plant be installed as the water in this area bore high percentage of arsenic and was not safe for drinking.

    Earlier in the beginning, two minutes’ silence was observed to pay tribute to Nelson Mandela.

    Prof. Javed Akhtar, Coordinator, AMU Centres proposed a vote of thanks. Prof. S.N. Zeba conducted the programme. AMU students presented National Anthem and the University Tarana on this occasion.

    Dr. Md. Junaid, Director, AMU Murshidabad Centre and other staff members welcomed the President of India at Rabindra Sadan Auditorium at Jangipur, Murshidabad, West Bengal.


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    By Zaidul Haque, TwoCircles.net,

    Kolkata: Muslim organizations in West Bengal observed `Black day’ on 6 December in memory of Babri Masjid demolition. A grand protest convention against Babri Masjid demolition was held in Kolkata at Shamsul Huda Road, Park Circus.

    An umbrella organization of dalits and Muslim ` Dalit Muslim Friendship Association,’ West Bengal wing of Popular Front of India, Social Democratic Party of India, All India Imam Council, All Bengal Minority Association had together observed the Black Friday.



    Writer Abu Rida speaking at a convention on December 6 in Kolakta.

    The speakers demanded rebuilding the mosque and demanded punishment for those involved in the demolition.

    SDPI state leader Dr. Moinuddin Chisti, writer Abu Rida, SDPI state president Obaidullah Nuri, Dalit leader Nanda Kishor Dhanuk, Ashik Ali, Surur Alam also spoke on the occasion.



    State SDPI President Obaidullah Noori.

    Murshidabad wing of Popular Front of India also organized a protest rally at Domkal in Murshidabad against Babri Masjid demolition.
    All Bengal Minority Council and All Bengal Minority Youth Federation observed as `Anti Communal and Constitutional rights day’. These organization was organized a meeting at Ghatakpur of South 24 Parganas.

    All Bengal Minority Youth Federation secretary Muhammad Kamruzzaman said those who were behind the demolition are again trying to come to power.



    All Bengal Minority Youth Federation state Secretary Muhammad Kamruzzaman in a convention on 6 December.

    Maulana Abdul Momen demanded punishment for those BJP leaders who were involved in instigating the mob, including LK Advani and Uma Bharati.



    PFI rally in Murshidabad.

    Sukrity Ranjan Biswas, Iftiqar Hossain, Babar Hossain, Motiur Rahman, Golam Rahman also spoke on the occasion.


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    By Twocircles.net staff reporter,

    Kolkata: A group of miscreant’s tried to demolish an old Mosque at Sulekha More in Jadavpur area of Kolkata on 6 December, but local police immediately swung into action to prevent any untoward actions.

    After getting the information, police personnel under Deputy Commissioner of Police reached the spot and warned against any such untoward action. A police battalion has been posted on the spot.



    An old mosque at Raja Subodh Mallick Road, Sulekha More, Jadavpur in Kolkata. Encroached people tried to demolish this old mosque to build a new construction.

    An old Mosque under the Boar of Waqfs, West Bengal situated on the Raja Subodh Mallick Road under the Jadavpur, only half km from Jadavpur University. Before partition there was Muslim locality, but after 1946 and 1964 Kolkata riots many Muslims felt insecure and left the place to settle in Bangladesh.

    Several Hindu families have illegally encroached upon the mosque land and settled there. Despite several attempts by Kolkata Masjid welfare Committee, they failed to vacate the place.

    On December 6, however, the occupants tried to demolish the old structure.

    As the news reached the state Wqf board, a delegation of South Kolkata Waqf Committee Advocate Alam Minar met the police officer at the Jadavpur Police station.



    An old mosque at Raja Subodh Mallick Road, Sulekha More, Jadavpur in Kolkata. destroied part of Mosque covered by polythene.

    Police have assured all protection to the mosque and said that they will not allow any new construction, but expressed their inability to vacate the place, unless they have order from the government.

    TCN tried to get comment from the State Waqf Board Chair Justice (Retd.) Abdul Ghani, but he denied to talk about this matter on the Babri majid demolition anniversary.


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    By TwoCircles.net Staff Reporter,

    New Delhi: On the 22nd anniversary of Babri Masjid demolition, ANHAD released Kaccha Chittha Story 3 the third in the series of its investigative stories on Modi’s governance, transparency and development in Gujarat, on Friday December 6 at a Press Conference held in Nizamuddin West, New Delhi.

    The release was long list of Modi’s corruption cases which has been ignored by the mainstream media at large was presided over by Sanjay Sharma and Bhavna Sharma among other activists.



    The last kaccha Chittha list dealt with the illegal land grants Modi’s government had given to Adani Group. The third list deals further with the same subject and exposes more such illicit land deals.

    “Adani Group was given 2008.41 hectare reserve forest land, which falls in Mundra and Dhrub villages in the Kutch east forest division, for Solar Salt Project & Salt Washery Plant on the condition that an equivalent part of land will be given back by Adani company to the government but the land. What Modi’s government did is that they clandestinely gave away some more land to the Adanis which the latter showed as the lands they are giving to the government in return,” said Sanjay Sharma.

    He also told TCN that no survey of the 2008.4 hectare land was ever done before giving it to the Adanis and that the land belonged to BSF. “Narendra Modi is beating drums of patriotism and national security wherever he goes but right under his nose in his state BSF land was taken over without even informing them,” he said.

    “Irregular surveys were carried out by forest officers D.S. Patel, C.N Rathore, P.L. Parmar to show that the land in question was being transferred to Adani lawfully. However, several RTIs proved that the land which Adani was supposed to return for plantation in lieu of the large portion of land the government gave him was actually a water body where no plantation is possible,” he said. It is but obvious that such a hatchet job is not possible without the direct nod of Modi who has been showing himself as the champion of anti-corruption causes all over the country.

    The ANHAD document clarifies:

    “According to field book of Mr.P.L. Parmar, he had been there on 3/10/2007 for taking measurements, however, returned back since permission was not granted by the BSF. Thus, it is clear that no measurement was carried out on the site on that date. Thus, the government work of preparation of map of the site of land which is sensitive for security of country, is conducted without any physical inspection and on the basis of false records, which is a serious offence.

    As per daily diary of Mr.C.N. Rathod, he was reportedly accompanying Mr.D.S.Patel in measurement process from 15/10/2007 to 17/10/2007 whereas daily diary of D.S. Patel shows that they were together only on 15/10/07. Thus, both of them have declared false reports before the Government in respect of their work.



    Kachcha Chittah 3 - map showing fraud by Gujarat govt sea area shown as land.

    Further, when information was sought under the Right to Information Act with respect to the boat used in such work, it has been clearly informed that no such information is available. Further, when information pertaining to application seeking permission from BSF for carrying out this measurement and grant of any such permission was demanded, it has been informed that no evidences in this regard are available. Thus, the fact that the Surveyors did not visit the local site becomes clear. Thus, the map which is prepared is apparently false, however, all the officers and Government have also accepted that this map is true as it is signed by them and stamped.”

    “Can there be a bigger fraud or threat to the security of the country? Will the CM answer? What are the reasons of favoring Adani even at the cost of India’s security? Is it only money or other nefarious designs that the BJP PM candidate has undermining the security of the country?” asks the report. I t can be accessed at http://www.anhadin.net/article206.html

    Related:

    Civil society launches website to bring out ‘misdeeds’ of Modi

    ANHAD brings out second round of ‘truth’ against Modi


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    By TCN News,

    Jaipur: On 21st anniversary of Babari Masjid Demolition, a protest and prayer was organised by the Rajasthan’s apex Muslim body Rajasthan Muslim Forum.

    “6th December is the black day in Indian History, when thousands of hooligans shattered the 400 years old mosque on provocation by the fascist leaders,” said Dr. Muhammad Salim Engineer, national secretary Jamaat-E-Islami Hind (JIH).



    “This was done by the same fascist and communal forces that were responsible for the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi and now they are fantasizing about ruling the country, which the secular people of India will never allow to happen,” he added. He said that these forces are not enemies of Muslims only, but they are foes to the country as well as its secular fabric. He expressed faith in the judicial system of the country and believed that Muslims will categorically get justice.

    Advocate Paker Farooq, state president of Association for Protection of Civil Rights and member of Welfare Party of India elaborated the history of Babari Masjid from its construction till its demolition and revealed that Babar did never come to Ayodhya all over his lifetime and the mosque was built by his general Meer Baqi. He said that according to Islamic law, no mosque can be built on a land, unless it is legally purchased or given into the possession of the Muslims by other legal means, hence the Babari Masjid war constructed only on a vacant land that was under the custody of the ruler.

    Mr. Sawai Singh, convener Sadbhav Manch Rajasthan said that the communal and fascist forces, who demolished the Babari Masjid, want to divide the country on the basis of religion in order to fulfil their political interests. Assuring the Muslims of going hand in hand with them in their struggle for justice, he said that this was not the fight of Muslims alone, but was a fight for justice and rights.



    Convener of Rajasthan Muslim Forum, Qari Mueenudden said that the Muslim community should not be estimated as weak, but they are bound to obey the law of the country. Engineer Khurshid Husain, state president JIH along with Advocate Amir Azeez and Muhammad Shaukat Qureshi also put their views forth.

    In resolutions, passed on this occasion, the house was astonished on the fact that the criminals of Babari Masjid were roaming free even after 21 years of the shameful episode.

    The house demanded to speed up all the suits, including that regarding the title of the land, going on in different courts of UP as well as in the Supreme Court of India. The house also demanded to launch criminal cases against all the persons whom the Librahan Commission has held responsible for the demolition of Babari Masjid.



    It was appealed to the masses to maintain brotherhood and harmony among themselves and it was repeated that the Muslims have belief in the law and judicial system of the country and they will continue their struggle in collaboration with other peace loving and just individuals and organisations until they attain justice. The protest ended with Dua (prayer) by Qari Mueenuddeen.


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